Universidad Complutense de Madrid
Universidad Complutense was established in Alcalá de Henares, the ancient Complutum, by Cardinal Cisneros, after receiving a Papal Bull from Pope Alexander VI in 1499. However, its actual origins go back to 1293, when Sancho IV King of Castile founded Estudio de Escuelas Generales de Acalá, which would later be renamed as Universidad Complutense de Cisneros.
In the academic year 1509-1510, five colleges were active: Arts and Philosophy, Theology, Canon Law, Letters and Medicine.
In 1863, in the reign of Queen Isabella II, the university was moved to Calle de San Bernardo, in Madrid, where it was renamed as Universidad Central.
Later, in 1927, in a plot of land given over by King Alfonso XIII to such effect, the construction of a new university campus was planned in Moncloa district. During this period, the Spanish culture was going through its so called “Silver Age”. Figures such as José Ortega y Gasset, Manuel García Morente, Luis Jiménez de Asúa, Santiago Ramón y Cajal and Blas Cabrera taught at the university's classrooms.
The Spanish Civil War brought the battle to the very campus, causing fatal damage to some of its college and institute buildings, as well as the loss of part of its rich scientific, artistic and bibliographic heritage. Also as a result of the conflict, much of the Universidad Complutense's prestigious academic staff was lost.
In 1970, the Spanish Government implemented High Education reform plans and, once again, Universidad Central was renamed as Universidad Complutense, which was its original designation. Around that time, Campus de Somosaguas was created to accommodate much of the Social Sciences colleges and to relieve Campus de Moncloa.
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